Backed by popular big tech firms like DataDog and DreamHost, Haskell is the main smart contract programming language for the Cardano blockchain.Developers can take advantage of the concurrency feature of Haskell to buildCardano smart contracts that perform faster than alternative chain languages.


Move is a programming language based on Rust that was originally developed forMeta’s Diem project. Move is robust enough for any developer on the Sui andAptos blockchains. Since it’s a language designed to optimize the safety of objects, Aptos and Sui Developers can infuse/inherit some layers of security by adopting its syntactic form.


Golang, a Google internal project to solve concurrency and SRE issues back in 2007, and now the backend logic language for a lot of web applications in the cloud. Developers building apps for scale can leverage the slim-type format of Go to build codebases that are easy to maintain.Go has thousands of developers to fall back on for support when writing code with it.


Vyper is a Pythonic smart contract programming language created in 2017 as a readable and secure alternative to Solidity for writing EVM smart contracts. With added safety features such as bounds and overflow checking, decidability of contracts, and strong typing, Vyper encourages writing secure and easily auditable smart contracts. Vyper does not intend to be a 100% replacement for Solidity but a complement aimed at increased security. Over 10,000 smart contracts have been published with Vyper.


Huff was first developed by the Aztec Protocol in order to support an on-chain Ethereum program that needed extremely optimized code. Developers using Huff are able to manipulate memory on the system-level of the EVM. Learning Huff also gives users a much deeper understanding of the EVM. Huff is a newer language with a fast-growing community.